Is the flightless bird. It has adapted the flying organ to swimming organ. The chest and stomach are white, the head is black with white line strapped across the mouth base passing the side of the head to the neck.
Lives in the tropical area in Guano Islands and the coast of Peru and Chile in South America. The needed temperature is 22 to 30 degree celsius.
The Humboldt Penguin is the social animal. It stays together as a troop and makes a loud noise to communicate. When greeting each other, it will use the mouth or the neck touching each other.
CLASS : Aves
ORDER : Sphenisciformes
FAMILY : Spheniscidae
GENUS : Spheniscus
SPECIES : Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti)
Conservation status : Vulnerable
In the breeding season, this bird will stays together in a small troop near the water or dig the hollow near the tall dense grasses in the forest near the seashore. It lays eggs and incubates eggs once a year in the spring season. It builds the nest with the rock, the branch, and the grass leave. It lays 1 to 3 eggs each time and the incubation period is 39 days which the male will be the one who incubates the eggs.
It is a medium sized Penguin. The body length is approximately 65 centimeters, and the weight is approximately 4 kilograms.
Update : 11 April 2017