Flowering plants and ornamental plants


Divi divi tree

Divi divi tree is a plant from foreign country but it can grow well in Thailand. It is a small plant, only 4-6 meter tall. The branches ramose into wide short bush. The leaves are unipinnate compound leaves with small leaflet. The flowers bloom in cluster at the leaf axil and at the end of the branch. The flower clusters are 5-15 centimetre. There is a lot of yellowish-green small floret. The wilt flowers shall turn brown and the pods are flat and curves with 2-3 seeds.
  • Scientific Name : Caesalpinia coriaria ;
  • Botany characteristics : Divi divi tree is appropriate for growing in a large area because the trunk is 4-8 meter high and the shape of the bush can be up to 4-6 meter wide. The branch can ramose well. The trunk and branches are curve and delicate like espaliers. The leaves are 2-layer compound leaves. The flowers bloom in cluster around the top or at the end of the branch. A cluster is about 12 inch long and the flowers are very small but will attach in group with 0.3-0.6 cm. dimension, so it looks like light yellowish green cluster. The floret will not bloom at the same time. It has sweet smell and the smell can spread in wild range. Many people grow this plant for ornamental purpose because it has good smell, the trunk is beautifully curved. The leaves are delicate and it is easy to grow because there is no disease and bug that will destroy the plant.
  • Utilization : The fruit gives black color and has high Tannin. The wood gives yellow and red color which is appropriate for cloth dyeing. The pod of divi divi tree can help to cure ulcer. ;
 
 
Indian gooseberry
Indian gooseberry is a perennial plant in EUPHORBIACEAE family. It bares fruit with high vitamin C and has herbal benefit. Indian gooseberry is Sakaew symbolic tree. The tree is also called other local names which are: Gunthod (Khmer - Kanchanaburi) Khamtuad (Ratchaburi) Indian gooseberry (general) Mangloo, Sanyasa (Karen - Maehongsorn)
  • Scientific Name Phyllanthus emblica
  • Botany characteristics It is a small-middle sized perennial plant, about 8-12 meter high. The trunk is usually in curved shape. The outer wood bark is greyish brown. The surface is smooth or slightly smooth. The inner bark is bright pink. The leaves are simple leaves but it is similar to compound leaves and tamarind leaves. The edge of the leaf is alternately parallel. The leaf size is 0.25-0.5 cm. wide and 0.8-12 cm. long. The light green short leaves are closely line up. The lines on the leaf are not clear. The small flowers are divided by gender but it shall be on the same branch or tree and bloom at leaf axil. There shall be about 3-5 thick flowers at the end of the branch. There are 6 sepals and the petals are white or creamy white. The fruit has round-shape the flesh is 1.2-2 cm. thick. The young fruits are light green and the ripe fruits are slightly clear light green and there shall be 6 strip long lines. The flesh is edible and it taste sourly bitterly sweet. The shell of the seed has 6 lines and there are 6 seeds inside. ;
  • Utilization : The fruit is edible. It can relieve coughing and phlegm as well as quench your thirst. The juice squeezed from the fruit can cure diarrhea and promotes diuresis.
 

Makha
 
Makha is a large perennial plant that is about 30 meter high. The leaves are pinnately compound leaves that alternately line up. There are 3-5 pairs of leaflets. The leaves are egg-shape with parallel edge, 4-5 cm. wide and 5-9 cm. long. The flowers are in cluster and bloom at the end of the branch. There are 4 green sepals and there is one pink petal. The fruit is a flat pod. The shell is hard thick brown shell. The seeds are hard brown seeds. There is a yellow hat cover at the calyx.
  • Scientific Name Fzelia xylocarpa Craib
  • Botany characteristics : It is a large tree but not so tall. The tree sheds leaves and the branches ramose low. The crown is wide bush. The trunk is finny and knotty. The tree base is wide with light brown or pinkish brown. The trunk shall be broken into scrap and shallow hole. The leaves are compound leaves alternately line up. The leaflets are lined oppositely in 3 – 5 pairs. The leaves are 2 - 5 centimetre wide and 4 - 9 centimetre long egg-shape leaves with parallel edge. The bottom of the leaves is round or slightly wavy. The tip of the leaves are blunt and bud. The flowers are in cluster at the end of the branch. The flower cluster is 5 - 15 centimetre long. There are 4 petals and each petal pile up one another. There are only the top petals that grow into slightly red or pinkish red petal. The fruit is hard flat pod about 7 - 10 centimetre wide and 12 - 20 centimetre long. The pod is split into 2 portions. When it is dried, the old seed shall be shiny black. There shall be 4-5 seeds line up and each seed shall be wrapped in thick bright yellow tissue in cup-shape. The location of the tree is mixed deciduous forest and dry evergreen near water source in every part of Thailand except for southern Thailand. The tree shall be 100 -600 meter above sea level. The flower shall bloom in February – March and the pod shall be ripe in June - August. The benefits of the tree are as follows. The light yellowish brown wood is hard and tough. It can be well polished and used for making poles, joist base, joist, floor, roof timbers, boat, lathe, rifle butt and gun gutter. It can be used for making Thai instrument, such as Thon and Rammana to. Makha wood is knotty and it gives beautiful pattern and has high price. The bark can be used for leather bleaching. The young seed are edible.
  • Utilization : The knotty area at the trunk is poisonous and can be used as vermifuge or used to cure dermatosis. It can also be boiled and use the smoke for Hemorrhoids treatment. When it is dried and mixed with the Makhatae bark, half of handful each, it can be used for pressing against the bruise. It can be mixed with Pangkee rootm, half of handful each, to heal the wound. The wood can be processed and use in building construction.  
 
Myrobalan Wood
Myrobalan Wood which Karen people call Manae or Maknae is in Combretaceae family. It is a local plant of South Asia. Northern Thailand call this tree Maknae or Manae. It is a middle-sized perennial plant. The bark is brownish grey and has lengthwise crack. The leaves are simple leaves line up alternately. The leaves are pointy and large. They are the same size as santol leaf. The leaves are dark green and there are soft brown hairs cover the leave. The tip of the leaves are pointy. The flowers are small creamy white flowers with nice smell. The flowers are in cluster. The fruit is slightly round or in oval shape. The surface of the fruit is smooth yellowish or reddish green. It has one seed which shall turn black when dried. The tree is breeding by sowing.
  • Scientific Name : Terminalia chebula Retz
  • Utilization : The raw fruit can be eaten fresh. It tastes bitterly sour. The fruit contains lots of tannin. It can also be prickled. The half ripe fruit can be eaten with chili sauce. The unripe fruit can be used as laxative. The ripe fruit can be used as astringent. It can relieve colic. The seed velum can relieve bile disease. There are many useful nutrients, such as Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Calcium, Phosphorus
 
 
Negkassar

It is a perennial flowering plant found in Thailand. It is a seeding given by the King to plant at Phayao province. Negkassar has other local names which are: Torapee (Chantaburi), Soipee (South) , Salhapee (Chiang Mai, North)
  • Scientific Name : Mammea siamensis
  • Botany characteristics It is a perennial plant that is 10 – 15 meter tall. It is an evergreen plant. The crown is thick bush and the leaves are simple leaves line up oppositely. The leaves are egg-shape with parallel edge. The lines on the leaf are not clear but the netted lines on the leaflets are distinct on both sides. The wood is reddish brown. The leaves are thick shiny green with white rubber. The bark is blackish grey, broken in fragments throughout the trunk. The yellowish white flowers bloom in cluster along the branch. The white flowers have nice smell and easily fall. The flower contains yellow stamen. The fruits are 2.5-centimetre shuttle-shape fruits. When the fruits are ripe, they shall become yellow. The flesh of the fruit is edible yellow or reddish yellow. It shall bloom in January – March and it shall bear fruit in February – April.
  • Origin : Mixed deciduous forest and tropical rain forest in Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Myanmar, Vietnam
  • Planting : Negkassar likes friable soil with appropriate moisture. The tree is breeding by sowing. Medical Quality :
    • Fresh and dried flower
    • Use for mixing Balsam, nourish heart, nourish nerve. Relieve dizziness, faintness and revitalize. :
    • budding flower
    • Dye silk into red color -ripe fruit- sweet and edible